View and reassign roles

You can view and change the roles that are assigned to clips in the Browser, the Timeline Index, the Info inspector, or the Modify menu.

Keep in mind the following when using roles:

  • Every clip must have at least one assigned role (clips with audio and video always have one audio and one video role). Still images are assigned the Video role by default, but you can create a custom (still image) role and assign it to your still images.

  • Video roles can’t be assigned to audio-only clips, and audio roles can’t be assigned to video-only clips.

  • Roles can be assigned to audio or video components of a clip, but can’t be assigned to a clip range or a portion of a clip.

  • You can view and reassign the role of an audio component in the Info inspector (or by using the Modify menu when the clip that contains the audio component is in the Timeline).

  • You can assign different roles to each instance of a clip. For example, if you add a clip from the Browser to the Timeline, copy clips between events, or copy clips within the Timeline, each of these clip instances (copies) is independent of the others.

View and reassign roles in the Browser

  1. In the Browser in list view, select one or more clips.

    Note: If the Roles column isn’t visible in the Browser, Control-click a column heading and choose Roles from the shortcut menu.

  2. In the Roles column, click the assigned role for a clip to see a shortcut menu listing the available roles.

    Roles column of Browser showing menu listing available roles
  3. To change the role assignments for the selected clips, choose different roles from the shortcut menu.

View and reassign roles in the Info inspector

  1. Select one or more clips in the Browser or the Timeline.

  2. To open the Info inspector, click the Inspector button in the toolbar (shown below), and click the Info button at the top of the pane that appears.

    Inspector button in toolbar
  3. In the Info inspector, click the Roles pop-up menu to see the available roles.

    Options in Roles pop-up menu in Info inspector
  4. To change the role assignments for the selected clips, choose different roles from the Roles pop-up menu.

View and reassign roles in the Timeline Index

  1. To open the Timeline Index, click the Timeline Index button in the lower-left corner of the Final Cut Pro main window (or press Shift-Command-2).

  2. To open the Clips pane, click the Clips button at the top of the Timeline Index.

  3. If the Roles column is not visible in the Clips pane, Control-click a column heading and choose Roles from the shortcut menu.

    Shortcut menu for customizing display of columns in Timeline Index
  4. Select one or more clips in the Clips pane.

  5. To change the role assignments for the selected clips, click the assigned role and choose different roles from the shortcut menu.

    Roles column in Clips pane of Timeline Index showing available roles in shortcut menu

View and reassign roles with the Modify menu

  1. Select one or more clips in the Browser or the Timeline.

  2. Choose Modify > Assign Roles, and choose a role from the submenu.

    A checkmark appears next to the role you chose.

View and reassign the role of an audio component

  1. Select a clip in the Timeline, and choose Clip > Expand Audio Components (or press Control-Option-S).

    Clip in Timeline shown with expanded audio components
  2. Select an audio component.

  3. To change the role assignment for the selected component, do one of the following:

    • Choose Modify > Assign Roles, and choose a role from the submenu.

      A checkmark appears next to the role you chose.

    • Open the Info inpector, and choose a different role from the Roles pop-up menu.

      A checkmark appears next to the role you chose.

For more information about audio components, see About audio channels and audio components.

View and reassign roles in compound clips

Compound clips reflect the roles of the original clips that make up the compound clip. You can view and reassign the roles of clips inside a compound clip, but you cannot assign roles to the compound clip itself.

  1. Select a compound clip in the Browser or the Timeline.

  2. To view the assigned roles or to assign a role to every clip inside the compound clip, use the following methods:

    • Roles column in the Browser in list view: Follow the instructions in “View and reassign roles in the Browser,” above.

    • Roles pop-up menu in the Info inspector: Follow the instructions in “View and reassign roles in the Info inspector,” above.

    • Roles column in the Clips pane of the Timeline Index: Follow the instructions in “View and reassign roles in the Timeline Index,” above.

    • Assign Roles command: Follow the instructions in “View and reassign roles with the Modify menu,” above.

    When you assign a role to a compound clip (the container), the role is assigned to every clip inside the compound clip. If you want to assign different roles to specific clips within the compound clip, you can open the compound clip for editing and then assign roles to individual clips inside the compound clip.

For more information about compound clips, see Compound clips overview.